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Keyof Type Operator

The keyof type operator

The keyof operator takes an object type and produces a string or numeric literal union of its keys:

type Point = { x: number; y: number };
type P = keyof Point;
type P = keyof Point

If the type has a string or number index signature, keyof will return those types instead:

type Arrayish = { [n: number]: unknown };
type A = keyof Arrayish;
type A = number
type Mapish = { [k: string]: boolean };
type M = keyof Mapish;
type M = string | number

Note that in this example, M is string | number — this is because JavaScript object keys are always coerced to a string, so obj[0] is always the same as obj["0"].

keyof types become especially useful when combined with mapped types, which we’ll learn more about later.

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Last updated: May 10, 2021